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US Wasted Billions in Afghanistan      03/01 06:05

   The United States wasted billions of dollars in war-torn Afghanistan on 
buildings and vehicles that were either abandoned or destroyed, according to a 
report released Monday by a U.S. government watchdog.

   ISLAMABAD (AP) -- The United States wasted billions of dollars in war-torn 
Afghanistan on buildings and vehicles that were either abandoned or destroyed, 
according to a report released Monday by a U.S. government watchdog.

   The agency said it reviewed $7.8 billion spent since 2008 on buildings and 
vehicles. Only $343.2 million worth of buildings and vehicles "were maintained 
in good condition," said the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan 
Reconstruction, or SIGAR, which oversees American taxpayer money spent on the 
protracted conflict.

   The report said that just $1.2 billion of the $7.8 billion went to pay for 
buildings and vehicles that were used as intended.

   "The fact that so many capital assets wound up not used, deteriorated or 
abandoned should have been a major cause of concern for the agencies financing 
these projects," John F. Sopko, the special inspector general, said in his 

   The U.S. public is weary of the nearly 20-year-old war and President Joe 
Biden is reviewing a peace deal his predecessor, Donald Trump, signed with the 
Taliban a year ago. He must decide whether to withdraw all troops by May 1, as 
promised in the deal, or stay and possibly prolong the war. Officials say no 
decision has been made but on Monday, Washington's peace envoy and the American 
who brokered the U.S.-Taliban deal, Zalmay Khalilzad, was back in the Afghan 
capital for a tour of the region.

   Taliban insurgents and the Afghan government have been holding 
on-again-off-again talks in the Gulf Arab state of Qatar but a deal that could 
bring peace to Afghanistan after 40 years of relentless war seems far off.

   After Kabul, Khalilzad will travel to Qatar's capital of Doha and 
neighboring countries, including Pakistan, to push anew for progress in the 
Doha talks and a cease-fire to end the relentless violence.

   Analyst Bill Roggio of the Long War Journal said the findings by SIGAR are 
not surprising. The reasons for the financial losses include Taliban attacks, 
corruption and "throwing money at the problem without considering the 
implications," he said.

   "It is one thing to build a clinic and school, it is another to operate, 
maintain, and in many cases defend this infrastructure from Taliban attacks," 
said Roggio. "Additionally, the West has wildly underestimated the impact of 
Afghan corruption and in many cases incompetence. It was always a recipe for 

   U.S. agencies responsible for construction didn't even ask the Afghans if 
they wanted or needed the buildings they ordered built, or if they had the 
technical ability to keep them running, Sopko said in his report.

   The waste occurred in violation of "multiple laws stating that U.S. agencies 
should not construct or procure capital assets until they can show that the 
benefiting country has the financial and technical resources and capability to 
use and maintain those assets effectively," he said.

   Torek Farhadi, a former adviser to the Afghan government, said a 
"donor-knows-best" mentality often prevailed and it routinely meant little to 
no consultation with the Afghan government on projects.

   He said a lack of coordination among the many international donors aided the 
wastefulness. For example, he said schools were on occasion built alongside 
other newly constructed schools financed by other donors. The construction went 
ahead because once the decision was made --- contract awarded and money 
allocated --- the school was built regardless of the need, said Farhadi.

   The injection of billions of dollars, largely unmonitored, fueled runaway 
corruption among both Afghans and international contractors. But experts say 
that despite the waste, the need for assistance is real, given the Afghan 
governments heavy dependence on international money.

   The worsening security situation in Afghanistan also greatly impeded the 
monitoring of projects, with shoddy construction going undetected, said 
Farhadi, the former Afghan government adviser.

   "Consult with the locals about their needs and sustainability of the project 
once the project is complete," he urged U.S. funding agencies looking to future 
projects. "Supervise, supervise, supervise project progress and implementation 
and audit every single layer of expenditure."

   Going forward, Roggio said smaller, more manageable projects should be the 
order of the day. To build big unmanageable projects that Afghanistan has 
neither the capacity nor technical expertise for after 40 years of relentless 
war "feeds into the Taliban narrative that the government is corrupt, 
incompetent, and incapable of providing for the Afghan people," he said.

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